What nails are used on a slate roof?
Most slate roofs use copper nails as they typically last longer than stainless steel and compatible with copper, lead and lead-coated copper flashings. A standard ¼” thick slate will require an 11 gauge nail where a thicker slate will require a 10 gauge copper nail. The nails are available in smooth shank and ring shank. Most roofers prefer smooth shank as it makes for easier repairs.
Selecting the length of the nail will be based on ¾” minimum wood deck, the underlayment and two times the thickness of the slate. The most common nail lengths are 1 ½” and 1 ¾” with a 3/8” diameter head.
In most cases, nails are sold by the pound. A 20” x 10” x ¼” slate will require 2.32 LBS of 1 ½” nails for one square of material. Each piece of slate will have two nail holes which are drilled or punched depending on the slate supplier. The holes should always be punched on the back of the slate and the thinner side of the slate. Punching the slate will produce a spalled countersink on the slate face so the nail head sits flat. Slates that are ¾” or thicker will require four nails per slate.
Sheena Owen began working for North Country Slate on October 12, 1999. As the Sales Coordinator, Sheena’s day to day duties include providing customer service, new business development, inside sales, handling all cross-border customs issues/documentation, arranging shipments, health and safety representation and social media marketing.
Sheena graduated from the University of Guelph in 1992 with a BA in English and Drama and in 1995 graduated with a Diploma in Radio and Television Broadcasting from Centennial College. Sheena’s first job was the Producer’s Assistant for TV shows including Robocop, F/X The Series and Nikita. She went on to becoming an Assistant Manager at Eddie Bauer. In her spare time, Sheena enjoys traveling, gardening, volunteering at her local soccer club and cheering on her kids at their sporting events.