In this segment we will show some basic techniques for cutting slate and punching nail holes.
The two most common ways to cut slate include a stake and slate hammer or a guillotine style cutter. To use stake and slaters hammer the slate is marked on the back side and then laid across the stake with the waste side overhanging the stake, then using the side of the slater’s hammer carefully chop along the line.
Another method for cutting slate is the guillotine. The slate is marked on the back side, and then use short, firm strokes to cut across the slate. With a little practice, a guillotine is very easy to use. The stake is more difficult to master although many experienced slaters prefer it.
A nail hole can be punched in the slate using the pointy end of the slaters hammer. One firm strike on the back of the slate will punch a clean hole on the back and a spalled hole on the face. This will allow the nail to countersink. Some guillotine style cutters have a built-in punch on one end. I hope this helped you understand the basics of cutting and punching slate.